> >Why the Taj Mahal can disappear
The majestic Taj Mahal, which is one of the most famous sights of India, has attracted many tourists for many years. Built in the 17th century, the monument of architecture, which became a symbol of real feelings, may soon be demolished by the decision of the Supreme Court of India.
The state of the Taj Mahal
Once the snow-white dazzling Taj Mahal can be demolished from the face of the earth because of its deplorable state. A few years ago, the question was raised that the mausoleum is destroyed due to environmental pollution. However, today the problem of the state of the monument included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites requires an immediate solution.
Today, the Taj Mahal can no longer be called white. / Photo: www.rasfokus.ru
In the spring of 2018, an environmental activist, concerned about the appearance and general state of the Taj Mahal, petitioned the Supreme Court of India. Thousands of people visit the amazing facility every day, and no one is engaged in maintaining it in its normal form.
Garbage covers the area near the Jamna River near the Taj Mahal in Agra, India. / Photo: www.smh.com.au
Over the past three decades, white marble is not only yellowed, it is covered with brown spots and a layer of mold. This is due to air pollution from the activities of industry and households. Another reason for changing the color of the monument is insects. The Jamna River, located nearby, is simply crammed with rubbish, flies and mosquitoes that stain marble with their secretions breed in it.
Ways to solve the problem
The court was categorical. Addressing the state government, the judge stated that they had only three ways to solve the problem: to close the Taj Mahal, to demolish it or to restore it. For, in its present form, the monument has become not a visiting card of the country, but its disgrace.
An analogy was made between the Taj Mahal and the Eiffel Tower, which is visited annually by about 80 million people. At the same time, the Indian landmark is undoubtedly more beautiful and more attractive for tourists. However, the criminal negligence, due to which the damage of one of the new seven wonders of the world was allowed, works against receiving profit from visiting the mausoleum.
The court also announced its intention to constantly from July 31 to hear the results of the study of the problem by the Indian Institute of Technology, which should find ways to bring the Taj Mahal to a proper condition.
Controversy around the unique monument of architecture
The territory around the Taj Mahal also looks depressing. / Photo: www.wp.com
At the same time, since the spring of 2018, a search is underway for specialists who can help stop the destruction of a unique structure. The Supreme Court of India believes that local scientists do not have enough experience to carry out restoration work of this magnitude.
Taj Mahal before pollution. / Photo: www.wallhere.com
Some patriotic members of the public consider it inadmissible to attract foreign specialists. However, there were already precedents when, with the help of the UNESCO program, the monument is entered in the list of World Heritage sites at risk. Then, together with government officials, actions can be taken to save the monument of architecture.
The Taj Mahal has turned from white stone into yellow-green. / Photo: www.wallbox.ru
On the experience of saving other objects, there is already a working mechanism for forming a group of international experts with the participation of the national government and the involvement of local experts and craftsmen.
Paul Rappoport, director of Heritage21 in Sydney, believes that the damage to the Taj Mahal can be stopped by applying a special substance to the facade of the building.This is a temporary measure, but it can be taken until the complete reconstruction of the structure.
Earlier, the government proposed the option of transferring the mausoleum and the territory around it into the hands of a private company, which will monitor its condition, ennoble nearby areas, and clean the river. However, this solution has caused a rather tough confrontation. Opponents of this decision argue that the Taj Mahal is a national treasure and should belong to the people.
Anyway, the Indian Supreme Court is very serious. And he is ready to take the most unpopular decision in the absence of actions by the government: first on complete closure for tourists, and subsequently on the demolition of the Taj Mahal.
In turn, the authorities declare their readiness to restore the original appearance of the mausoleum, which has no analogues in the world.