For beginner gardeners one of the most excitingquestions is the following: "What to plant in a greenhouse?" And what about this? For those who have not yet encountered garden works, this question seems stupid. In fact, this is not true: like flowers in a bouquet, vegetables can "make friends" or "not be friends" with each other, so if you want a rich harvest, you need to consider their compatibility.
Before proceeding to landing, it is necessary to identifycompatible and incompatible vegetables. For what it is done: cultures that can peacefully grow side by side will be more resistant to various diseases and pests, which increases yield. Conversely, if there are hostile plants in the neighborhood, then the harvest will be small.
How does the amount of harvest depend on thethemselves plants? The fact is that they release special substances that penetrate the soil and air environment, therefore, the nearby garden culture absorbs them and can get harm or benefit. Therefore, when properly planted, there will be a rich medium saturated with necessary substances, which will allow using less fertilizers.
To know what to plant with in a greenhouse, you need to follow the basic criteria that take into account how effective the vegetable community will be:
Crop rotation is the alternation of different vegetable crops. Planting one species at the same location can cause depletion of the soil. It is recommended to rotate the beds every three years.
Most gardeners solve the dilemma of "what with what?"planting in a greenhouse "by a simple method - mixed plantings.It is believed that they contribute to higher yields and stimulate the growth of agricultural crops.In addition, this neighborhood greatly simplifies the hothouse life: it is possible to save on fertilizers and pest control.The point is that some vegetables enrich the soil with useful elements needed by other crops, others isolate substances that protect against pests.
But this method also has disadvantages - it's a re-dusting andthickening of vegetables. Overexposure can adversely affect the taste of foods, and sometimes it also happens that neighboring crops can become infected with pests. Therefore, if the horticulturist uses a mixed planting, he should even more closely monitor the future harvest. And for the described method to bring good results, you need to remember what to plant in a greenhouse.
It is best to choose one basic vegetable, most often a cucumber or tomato. And already to this base product other cultures are selected.
To make this method effective, you need to know some rules:
In addition, it is necessary to plant vegetablestaking into account their compatibility, it is necessary to know how to grow them properly. Even if you took into account the neighborhood, you can spoil everything if you do not create the necessary greenhouse conditions. Why do we need a greenhouse? And it is needed in order to create the necessary microclimate for the growth of vegetables.
In fact, the greenhouse is the tropics in miniature, but notforget about one important nuance: the temperature should not be too high or too low. Therefore, in very hot weather, it is necessary to do airing. Watering of greenhouse plants should be more abundant than those of crops that grow on the garden, because the greenhouse is strongly evaporation.
With a mixed planting, it is possible not to plant all the crops at the same time - it will be more correct to gradually plant, taking into account the time of ripening of the vegetables.
I want fresh vegetables to be on the table always,and not only in the warm seasons. It turns out that it is possible to grow in the greenhouse all year round. For this purpose, a greenhouse made of polycarbonate is best suited, because it has a sufficiently high strength, low thermal conductivity and good light transmittance.
But in order to create summer conditions incold seasons, you need in advance to take care of additional lighting, warming and ventilation. To improve the quality of year-round plantings next to them, it is necessary to grow ornamental plants that will promote saturation of soil and air environment with nutrients.
It is also necessary to take care of an additional"warming" the soil with humus, straw. Just remember that a large amount of humus can cause the appearance of various pests, so you need to periodically fight them. Not all vegetable crops are suitable for year-round planting. Prefer the following types:
In pursuit of a large number of crops, somegardeners use a variety of chemicals to accelerate growth and maturation. But as a result, vegetables are tasteless and watery. Therefore, it is better not to stimulate processes with chemical additives, but to take care of plants more carefully.
Having considered the basic rules of planting in a greenhouse, it is worth returning to the question of what to plant with in a greenhouse. The following vegetables will be considered: cucumbers, tomatoes, eggplant, pepper.
Tomatoes are pretty whimsical vegetables, soyou need to carefully approach the selection of adjacent plants. Often gardeners plant cucumbers and tomatoes together, but this is not right. At first glance it seems that they are ideal neighbors, but this is an erroneous opinion. Although they are similar in their requirements for growth conditions, tomatoes and cucumbers do not live well together.
Tomatoes need moderate warmth and frequentairing, because they do not like too much moisture. Water them should only under the root. Choose places for their landing should be next to the doors or windows.
With what to put tomatoes in the greenhouse? With tomatoes, eggplants and peppers should be grown, because they also need a lot of fresh air. They also grow well next to onions, parsley, greens, carrots and radishes. But cabbage, pumpkin and strawberries do not get along with tomatoes.
Close relatives of pepper are tomatoes,eggplants, potatoes. Consequently, with these crops, he can calmly share one territory. Although because of their similarity, they can attract the same pests. Some gardeners believe that between related species there can be competition for nutrients and the amount of light, which will lead to a small crop.
What is better to put pepper in a greenhouse:
Eggplants are rather demanding vegetables, and althoughthey can get along with pepper, but planting any other crops next to them is highly undesirable, because they really do not like to share space with other vegetables.
But if there are few places in the greenhouse, but purplevegetables like to grow, then a good neighbor for them will be beans. Eggplants also grow well next to sweet peppers and potatoes. Only you have to be careful: if a potato has a Colorado beetle, you'll have to help the aubergines. Therefore, they still should not be planted together.
Good neighbors will be:
Cucumbers love heat, high humidity, sodo not often ventilate the greenhouse. During watering, it is necessary to irrigate not only the roots, but also the tops. Warm water should be used for irrigation. Another feature of these vegetables is that they do not need fertilizer, only nitrogen containing will be enough. Cucumbers should be allocated the most warm place in the greenhouse.
What is the best way to plant cucumbers in a greenhouse? They will be most comfortable with pepper - the harvest will be good. With a large desire or a small greenhouse area, you can add cucumber and pepper eggplant. A perfect combination will be with the beans: together they enrich the soil with nitrogen, which is very necessary for good cucumber growth.
These heat-loving vegetables, so you need to carefullygo to the creation of the right greenhouse for cucumbers. It should be in a warm place and illuminated most of the day. The site under the construction must be flat, the presence of any slopes or pits is excluded. The greenhouse for cucumbers should not be too large - so it will warm up more quickly. It is necessary to have a vent to allow fresh air to enter the night and cold. The coating is durable and transparent.
You can make a greenhouse - it's a simplified versiongreenhouses. It does not provide for the installation of a watering system, additional lighting, heating. The base of the greenhouse is a strong frame, which can be wooden or metal. It is fixed on the box, and the coating becomes transparent.
More expensive, but effective will be a greenhouse or a greenhouse made of polycarbonate. Why is it considered to be the best for growing not only cucumbers, but also all crops?
To polycarbonate greenhouse served for a long time, you should not forget about a few nuances:
Vegetable compatibility is a very important aspect ingardening. After all, every person hopes for a good harvest, and without knowledge of the symbiosis of vegetable crops, it will be very difficult to achieve a good result. Not all plants are undemanding in care, so it is very important to take into account all their nuances.
Why do gardeners like greenhouses? In addition to the possibility of growing all year round, greenhouse vegetables grow faster and better in taste. But the main guarantee of a rich harvest is still caring for vegetables and a real desire to engage in gardening.