What is physiology

What is physiology?

Under the word "physiology" we are most often used tounderstand the complex of physical characteristics of a person and the structure of his body. It should be noted that this concept is much broader than similar concepts and implies a science that deals with the study of the functioning of the organism. Therefore, in this article we will describe what physiology is, what history it has and what its main directions are.

Basic definition

The concept of "physiology" in a literal translation fromGreek means "knowledge of nature." The word thus represents the science of all living, life processes in the norm and in deviations. This science studies the patterns of vital activity of various biological systems. Since the discipline covers various vast areas, it is divided into general, private and physiological locomotion.

The subject of studying general physiology isthe functioning of the organism as a whole, the particular - the specific structures of the organism, organs and cells, and the physiology of locomotion is engaged in the study and study of certain processes and systems. At the same time, all branches of science are aimed at revealing the regularities of vital activity of various organisms and the process of their mutual relations with the surrounding world.

History and directions of physiology

Work on physiology was made back in the ancienttime. For example, Hippocrates, who is often called the father of medicine, even before our era assumed that the human body is composed of liquid media and psyche. In addition, he also used in complex treatment the connection of each person with the habitat and the environment in which he lives.

Along with this up to the 18th century, physiologywas considered a component of anatomy and, consequently, also medicine. To date, science is roughly divided into the physiology of animals and humans and the physiology of plants. In addition, it includes separate but closely related sciences. So, the main directions of physiology are the following disciplines:

  • molecular - studying molecules;
  • cell - examines individual cells and their functioning;
  • physiology of microorganisms - is engaged in the study of microbial activity;
  • physiology of fungi - explores the patterns of mushroom activity;
  • physiology of plants - studies the vital activity of organisms belonging to the plant world;
  • the physiology of animals and humans, which involves the study of the vital activity of organisms of the animal world and man and is interrelated with medicine.

More on the topic you can read in the articles of our section Physiology.

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