Many admirers of Lermontov's art are calledhis poem "Testament" prophetic, in it he foresaw his death and said goodbye to the world around him. In fact, this work has nothing to do with the writer, he wrote it in 1840 in the form of a confession of a wounded hero who has only a few days left to live, and even hours. At first glance, no coincidence with the fate of Mikhail Yurievich shows no analysis. "Testament" Lermontov is dedicated to all soldiers serving in the army of tsarist Russia.
According to the plot in the poem is describedthe fate of a wounded soldier talking to a friend. The hero asks to fulfill his last will, he understands that no one is waiting for him, he does not need anyone, but if anyone asks about him, then the comrade must say that the warrior was shot in the chest and honestly died for the tsar. The soldier notes that his friend is unlikely to find a friend alive, but if they are not dead, then upset the old people and say his death is not necessary. The truth can be told only to the neighbor, in which the hero was once in love. She will sincerely cry, but will not take to heart his death.
Who was the hero of the poem, does not show analysis. "Testament" Lermontov allows you to look at the life of a simple Russian soldier of the XIX century. In those days, the army was called for 25 years, during this period, many died in wars, and those who remained alive, no one was waiting for home. The poet tells of an ordinary peasant boy whose fate was crossed out. Once he had a family, a lover, but the army took everything from him. The neighbor girl already forgot about his existence, parents died. The hero is not even saddened by his rapid demise, nothing holds on this earth - this is what analysis shows.
"Testament" Lermontov contains a hidden meaning. The poet seems to foresee that his life will be short and intuitively seeking death. Many researchers of Mikhail Yurievich's works and literary critics come to the conclusion that this poem can be considered prophetic, and the author himself possessed the gift of foresight. Perhaps, Lermontov wrote the "Will" by not taking himself into account, but there are some parallels between his life and the fate of the unknown soldier.
First, the writer is just like his hero,died of a bullet in the chest, but not on the battlefield, but in a duel. Secondly, the poem "Testament" Lermontov wrote when his parents were no longer alive, the grandmother remained, but he did not consider her a close person and had conflicting feelings for her. The image of a neighbor Mikhail Yuryevich could be written off from many women whom he admired and considered his muses. Most likely, he had in mind Varvara Lopukhin - this fact is indicated by analysis.
"Testament" Lermontov has somediscrepancy with the life of the author himself. In the poem, the situation is presented in such a way that the girl forgot about the hero, but in fact it was Mikhail Yurievich who broke off relations with the woman he idolized, believing that he was not able to make her happy. Varvara Lopukhina herself felt sorry for the rest of her days that she could not spend the last months of his life with his beloved.