The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

Sklyarenko Elina Olegovna


The kid stretches the little hands: “Give me - abugu!”
Mother: "I will take it now, my good .........."
..... which is amazing, they are great
understand each other!

The concept of "autonomous children's speech"

Before moving on to the present linguistic period, the child begins to speak in his own language, which is understandable only to him and his close people. Any mother is confronted with the first “gu”, “abu”, “av”, “ghoul”, “mo-mo”, etc., and this is a peculiar language of her baby, which is called “autonomous child speech”. These are the first steps in the development of children's thinking and speech.

When does such an autonomous language appear in a child? All this is very individual. If one baby makes good use of individual words or sounds as early as 6-8 months, the other will be the first to pronounce them only by the year, or even later.

The first who described the autonomous childish speech, understood and appreciated its great importance,was, Charles Darwin, who was not directly involved in the development of the child, but, being an ingenious observer, managed to isolate the "autonomous speech" of the child, following the development of his grandson.

The peculiarity of "autonomous speech"

The peculiarity of “autonomous speech” lies in the fact that, firstly, the sound composition of the words used by a child is very different from the sound composition of our words. This speech is motor, that is, from the articulation, from the phonetic side, it does not coincide with our speech. These are usually words like “ba-bu”, “gu-ga”, sometimes fragments of our words. These are words that differ in external sounding form from the words of our language. Sometimes they look like our words, sometimes they diverge sharply with them, sometimes they resemble our distorted words. Words of autonomous speech differ from our words and in meaning.

A famous example of Darwin is often cited in textbooks. His grandson, once, seeing a duck swimming in a pond, imitating its sounds, or the name given to an adult, began to call it “ya”. These sounds were made by the child when he saw a duck swimming in the water near the pond. Then the boy began to call the same sound milk, spilled on the table, all kinds of liquid, water in a glass, even milk in a bottle, obviously, transferring this name due to the fact that there was water, liquid.Once a child was playing with ancient coins with a picture of birds. He also began to call them "ya". Finally, all the small round shiny objects resembling coins (buttons, medals) became known as “ya”.

Thus, if we wrote down the meanings of the word “ya” in a child, we would find some initial meaning from which all the rest originate (duck on the water). This value is almost always very difficult. It is not divided into individual qualities, as the meanings of individual words; such a value represents the whole picture.

With autonomous speech, it never happens that a child can say “bottle”, “milk”, that he can not only tell and distinguish the constant properties of objects, but continues to say “mo-ko” only from caprice. In fact, our words and our concepts are not available to the child.

From this it is possible to isolate two features that distinguish autonomous children's speech from the general course of development of the child's language. The first difference is the phonetic structure of speech, the second is the semantic side of children's speech.

And the third feature of autonomous children's speech, which Darwin appreciated - if this speech differs from ours in sound and semantic relations, then communication with such speech should differ sharply from communication with our speech.After all, the truth, using his autonomous speech, the baby can communicate only with those people who understand the meaning of his words - mom, dad, grandmother, or governess ..........

Finally, the last, the fourth of the main distinguishing features of an autonomous language, is that the possible connection between individual words is also extremely peculiar. This language is usually agrammatic, it does not have a substantive way of connecting individual words and meanings into a coherent speech (in our case, this is done using syntax and etymology). It is dominated by completely different laws of linking and combining words - the laws of combining interjections, passing into each other, resembling a series of incoherent exclamations, which we sometimes publish in strong affect and excitement.

Autonomous children's speech is not a rare case, not an exception, but a rule, a law that is observed in the speech development of every child:

“Before a child moves from the languageless period of development to mastering the language of adults, he discovers autonomous childish speech in the development.”

Why is childish speech called autonomous?

This is because it is built, as if by its own laws, different from the laws of the construction of real speech. This speech has a different sound system, a different semantic side, other forms of communication and other forms of binding. Therefore, it was called autonomous.

Autonomous children's speech is a necessary period in the development of any normal child.

With many forms of speech underdevelopment, with speech development delays, autonomous children's speech appears very often and determines the features of anomalous forms of speech development. For example, the delay is often expressed, primarily in the fact that a child has an autonomous speech period of up to 2-3-4 years ... Other speech disorders in childhood also lead to the fact that autonomous speech is sometimes delayed for several years and yet performs the basic genetic function, i.e., serves as a bridge over which the child moves from a non-linguistic period to a linguistic period. Autonomous speech plays an essential role in the development of a normal and anomalous child.

Sometimes, it is considered that the formation or formation of autonomous speech is influenced by the incorrect or diminutive pronunciation of words by close people.This is not entirely true, because “autonomous speech” is the language of the child himself, for all meanings are established by the child himself. The child creates his "mo-ko", "tank", etc. from the wreckage of normally spoken words. For example, a mother says “dog” is a complete word, while a child has a “tank, abacus” or something else ....

But autonomous speech does not exist by itself. Along with his words (his speech), the child has an understanding of our words, that is, the child, before he begins to speak, understands a number of words. He understands the decorated words: “give”, “go”, “bread”, “milk”, etc., and this does not interfere with the presence of a second speech.

Autonomous children's speech and its values ​​are produced with the active participation of the child. When autonomous speech is delayed in a child who understands well enough the speech of adults, there is a need for a coherent transmission, or construction of phrases. But these phrases due to the fact that speech is devoid of syntactic connectedness, little resemble ours. They are more like a simple stringing of words or distorted phrases of our language: “You take me”, etc.

Autonomous children's speech not only represents an extremely peculiar stage in the development of children's speech, but an important stage in the development of the thinking of a small person, a small child.Before a child’s speech reaches a certain level of development, his thinking also cannot go beyond a certain limit.

When does a normal child experience a period of autonomous childish speech?

It usually begins in the middle of the first year of life, and ends at 2-3 years .... Each child is individual, each child is a person, with his own period of development of thinking and the formation of speech.

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  • The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

    The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech