Stomach tumor

Stomach tumor

out of 5 possible based on

Approximately 90–95% of gastric tumors are malignant, and of all malignant tumors, more than 95% are cancer. Stomach cancer in terms of morbidity and mortality takes 2nd place after lung cancer.

In men, gastric cancer occurs 2 times more often than in women. People over 40–45 years of age most often get sick, although it’s not so often that stomach cancer occurs in people 30–35 years old and even younger.

The reasons

The cause of the disease, as well as the root cause of all other malignant tumors, is completely unknown. However, it is possible to identify the main causes that increase the risk of stomach cancer:

  • a hereditary factor (it is noted that the risk of the disease is about 20% higher among relatives of persons suffering from malignant lesions of the stomach);
  • exposure to carcinogens (preservatives, nitrosamines, excessively coarse, smoked, fatty, overcooked or spicy foods);
  • an important role is played by precancerous conditions - chronic atrophic gastritis, gastric ulcer, pernicious anemia,condition after gastrectomy (especially after 10–20 years after Billroth II resection), gastric polyps (frequency of malignancy up to 40% with polyps more than 2 cm in diameter), immunodeficiency states;
  • alcohol abuse.

Clinical picture

The clinical symptoms of stomach cancer in the initial stages of the disease are scarce and uncertain. Not only the patients themselves, but doctors also do not often regard them as a manifestation of gastritis and, without conducting a full gastrological examination, confine themselves to prescribing various medications. However, by carefully testing the complaints, you can catch a number of symptoms that are alarming regarding the presence of a malignant disease:

  • a change in general well-being, expressed in the appearance of weakness, a decrease in the likelihood, fatigue, unmotivated temperature rises;
  • persistent loss of appetite or complete loss of it up to aversion to food without any objective reason;
  • progressive weight loss, accompanied, along with the first two signs, pallor of the skin, not explainable by other diseases;
  • change in mental status - loss of the joy of life, interest in the environment, work, apathy, alienation.

Along with the common signs of a malignant disease, symptoms that indicate gastric lesions may occur:

  • the phenomena of "gastric discomfort" - persistent or associated with eating unpleasant sensations, feeling of heaviness, distention in the upper abdomen;
  • feeling of fullness in the stomach, even after a small amount of food;
  • sometimes soreness in the epigastric region, occasionally nausea and vomiting.

The described symptoms can be detected either against the background of complete health, or against the background of an already existing gastric disease (gastritis, peptic ulcer, duodenal ulcer). In these cases, pay attention to the change of the former, well-known to the patient sensations and the addition of new symptoms to them.

If complications, such as gastric bleeding, obstruction (overlapping of the tumor out of the stomach with a tumor, resulting in food from the stomach can not enter the intestine), tumor perforation, the clinical picture changes.

With gastric bleeding (which can occur from a ulcerated tumor), there is a sharp weakness, up to loss of consciousness, nausea, vomiting like “coffee grounds” or dark blood with clots, black (“tar-tar”) stool. This situation is urgent, it is often about hours or even minutes, so when the above signs appear, you should immediately call an ambulance.

When perforation (breakthrough) of the tumor and the exit of the contents of the stomach into the abdominal cavity, peritonitis develops (sharp severe pain in the abdomen, tension of the muscles of the abdominal wall, weakness, increase in temperature).

When obstruction (stenosis of the output section of the stomach) worries about the severity of the epigastric region, constant nausea, vomiting of food eaten a few days ago, gastric contents with a greenish tinge. This situation, as a rule, does not arise overnight, like bleeding, but is also serious and requires immediate medical attention.

All the described complications require immediate medical intervention!

With a far-reaching process, persistent pain is likely to occur,giving back, weight loss, up to cachexia (exhaustion), integuments acquire an earthy tinge, sharp weakness appears.

Diagnostics

The presence of previously presented symptoms may prompt you or your doctor to do the necessary research. Diagnosis of gastric cancer consists of a number of instrumental and laboratory research methods.

Instrumental methods

The main and publicly available instrumental methods of examination include endoscopy (esophagogastroduodenoscopy, gastroscopy) and gastric X-ray (stomach x-ray).

When combined endoscopy and biopsy, the probability of making a correct and timely diagnosis, even at the early stage of gastric cancer is within 95%.

Radiography of the stomach - is an addition to gastroscopy, but often is an independent method of research. When X-ray is likely to detect a tumor of the stomach, even if it is improbable to determine it during gastroscopy.

In complex cases, CT (X-ray computed tomography), MRI (magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear magnetic resonance imaging) are also used to determine the prevalence of the process.

To exclude metastasis of gastric cancer in other organs, along with CT and MRI, ultrasound and chest X-ray are used to detect the presence of metastases, and, consequently, to change the treatment strategy.

Laboratory methods

A blood test does not give a clear indication of the presence of cancer, but a decrease in hemoglobin and an increase in ESR can not be ignored.

Determining the level of tumor markers (special blood parameters that increase in the presence of a malignant tumor in the body) is important, but is in addition to the main diagnostic methods and is used more often to control the treatment process.

It should be remembered that identifying any, even malignant disease at an early stage improves the prognosis of the forthcoming treatment.

Treatment

In the treatment of gastric cancer, the main role belongs to the surgical method. The extent of surgical treatment of gastric cancer depends on the extent of the tumor in the stomach, the degree of damage to the regional lymph nodes, and the presence of distant metastases. The type and scope of the operation will be determined by the surgeon depending on the lesion.

With common forms of gastric cancer, combined operations are likely to be performed, removing not only the stomach, but also those involved in the process of the pancreas, part of the colon, spleen, part of the liver, which according to world data increases the duration and quality of life of such patients. The removed tumor is sent for histological examination, after which further treatment tactics are determined - probably chemotherapy will be required.

Metastasis

Stomach cancer metastasizes (eliminates) in the lymph nodes, in the liver, in the ovaries, in the peritoneum. Sometimes metastases are detected when the patient first visits the doctor. The presence of metastases (that is, stage 4 of the oncological process) is not a reason to refuse treatment of the patient (as unfortunately occurs in many medical institutions). It is almost impossible to achieve a complete cure, but many patients can prolong their lives.

Prevention

Prevention of gastric cancer is the timely treatment of precancerous conditions - polyposis of the stomach, chronic ulcers and gastritis, also in compliance with the normal diet, reducing alcohol consumption.

Stomach tumor images, pictures

Related news

  • 7 signs that you do not have a real relationship (so you can move on)
  • Do not be afraid that I will stop loving you
  • Decorative stone tile 60 photo examples
  • Zhvanetsky: in addition to popular wisdom, there is also popular folly
  • McЇ в в уп уп Mc Mc Mc в в в в в Mc в в McDonald’s are available for children

  • Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor


    Stomach tumor

    Stomach tumor