Sofia

Sofia

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Sofia (Sofia) the meaning of the name and the interpretation of the nameSophia: wise (Greek).
Sofia Name Day: 4 June (May 22) - The Holy Martyr Sophia, a physician, died by the sword.
September 30 (17) - The Holy Martyr Sophia died from grief at the grave of her daughters, the Holy Martyrs Faith, Hope and Love, on the third day after their execution for the faith of Christ.
Mystery Name Sofia: On this day, on Sophia, Faith, Hope and Love - all-world woman's name day. Women strive to arrange their small holidays - get-togethers, small parties.
The zodiac name is Libra. Planet - Saturn. The color of the name is dark blue. Auspicious tree - linden. Covenant plant - lovage. The patron saint of the name is the mantis. Stone mascot - lapis lazuli.
Diminutive forms: Sofyushka, Sofa, Sonya, Sonya.
Characteristic name Sofia: Sophia is both active and phlegmatic at the same time, but does not like anything that lasts a long time. Able to solve any problem in a few minutes. He wants to experience everything in life, does not like to remain in the shadows. It happens very frankly, however, someone else’s confession will listen attentively and give good advice.She loves to surround herself with a cheerful company of friends, failures cannot knock her out of a rut, and even so, Sofia will never show it, because she loves to be on top. She is clever and trusts her analytical skills more than intuitions. He needs love very much and above all in constant love confessions. Very hospitable, devoted to her family, obsessed with her love for children and her husband.
Sophia's name in history: Sofia Paleolog - the second spouse of Grand Duke John III, who played a significant role in the history of the Moscow State. Daughter of Thomas, brother of the last Byzantine emperor Constantine. After the fall of Byzantium, Thomas took refuge in Rome; after his death, he left two sons and a daughter, Zoya (Zinaida, according to the Sofia temporary worker), later in Russia, who received the name Sofia. Pope Paul II decided to elect Sophia as an instrument of his plans - to restore the Florentine unity of the churches, which in fact meant the involvement of Orthodox Russia in Catholicism.
Through the Greek, Cardinal Vissarion, he began intercourse with John III: in February 1469, Vissarion sent the Greek Yuri to Moscow with a proposal to Grand Prince Sophia Palaeologus.The Pope flattered himself with the hope that the girl would incline her husband to accept the rites of the Roman Catholic Church, in which she was brought up at the apostolic throne. John III liked the proposal to intermarry with the Paleologs, and the very next month he sent his ambassador, the Italian Karl Fryazin, to Rome, who did the job very well: he made a good impression on everyone and worked away from Moscow and the Russians, the rites of the Catholic Church, hiding that he himself had long ago adopted Orthodoxy. Already in June 1472, Sofia Paleologue left Rome for Russia, and on October 1, the messenger rode into Pskov with an order to prepare for the meeting of the future sovereign. The meeting with Pskov and Novgorod was arranged solemnly, but Sophia Paleolog, without stopping, hurried to Moscow. She was accompanied by the papal legate Anthony, and, to the surprise of the Russians, wherever Sophia stayed, this cardinal put on a strange red dress and gloves, which he did not take off even for blessing - he was constantly carried the “cross” in front of him - the Latin cross. Metropolitan Philip opposed this, saying that "it is indecent for us to hear about it, not just to see," and the legate Anthony was supposed to enter Moscow without a "wing" in front. November 12, 1472Sophia Paleolog arrived in Moscow, and on the same day she was married to John. The Cardinal set about fulfilling the mission entrusted to him, but the Metropolitan laid the dispute on Nikita, who frightened Antony with his eloquence, that he quickly stopped the dispute, saying: "There are no books with me!" Thus, the hopes of the pope and Vissarion, entrusted to the marriage of Sophia Palaeologus, were crumbling. This marriage had an important influence on the form of the Moscow state and on the whole external situation of power. He accelerated the process of "gathering Rus", bringing the traditions of the empire to Moscow. The attitude of the Grand Duke to the princes of other estates has changed, his attitude to the squad has changed. In all of this affected the influence of Sophia Paleolog. Sophia contributed to the fact that John surrounded himself with pomp, started etiquette at the court and adopted the coat of arms of the Byzantine Empire - the double-headed eagle. Artists and architects were summoned from Western Europe to decorate the palace and the capital. New temples, new palaces were erected. Italian Alberti (Aristotle) ​​Fioraventi built the Cathedral of the Assumption and the Annunciation. Moscow was decorated with the Faceted Chamber, the Kremlin towers, the Prison Palace, and the Archangel Cathedral was finally built.The grand-ducal capital was preparing to become the capital of the king; a significant share of the participation in that must be attributed to the niece of the last Byzantine emperor. She died two years before her husband died - April 7, 1503.

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