Rabies- It is an acute infectious disease that occurs after the bite of an infected animal. The disease occurs when the bite of a rabid animal or when its saliva gets on the damaged skin of a person.
Rabies usually affects the nervous system and ends in death.
- incubation period - from 10 days to 1 year;
- the duration of the disease - from 4 days to 2 weeks;
- swelling, pain, itching in the area of the bite, general malaise, fever, sleep disturbance;
- then there is hydrophobia, painful convulsive contractions of the muscles of the pharynx and larynx, breathing becomes noisy, and when you try to drink, you can stop breathing;
- the patient becomes aggressive, screams, can run and destroy everything around, he has auditory and visual visions, sweating rises, saliva is liberated, the patient is unable to swallow saliva, he spits it out;
- then calm comes, fear disappears, attacks of hydrophobia, there is hope for recovery, paralysis of the arms and legs appear, high temperature rises, pressure is lowered, heart rate decreases low;
- death soon comes, most often due to cardiac arrest or paralysis of the respiratory center.
If there is a suspicion of being infected with rabies, or you just think you might have become infected, seek medical attention immediately.
Specific treatment does not exist, carry out maintenance therapy: give sleeping pills, anticonvulsant drugs, painkillers.
Vaccination is also used as a treatment. But it can be effective only for 2 weeks after being bitten or by contact with a sick animal. Vaccinations make absolutely everyone bitten, regardless of whether the animals were infected with rabies or not.
Also, according to the testimony, they can also introduce an anti-rabies immunoglobulin, this is justified if a person has suffered multiple bites and if the bite mark is on the head.
Immunity after vaccination is 1 year.
- observance of the rules of keeping dogs and cats, preventing vagrancy of animals, conducting preventive vaccination of animals, controlling the population of wild animals;
- if you have been bitten by an animal, you need to wash the wound and the places that the animal’s saliva got, use soapy water, wash the soap abundantly with water, treat the edges of the wound with iodine, apply a sterile dressing and immediately seek help from a doctor; .