The ovulation test is a unique device, thanks to which thousands of women were able to find out on what day their efforts on the love front would be most in demand.. If you have never used this test before, or after using you have any questions, read our today's material.
Ovulation- the period of a woman's menstrual cycle, when an egg capable of fertilization leaves her ovaries into the abdominal cavity. Depending on the duration of the cycle, the frequency of ovulation is 21-35 days.
Know the exact time of ovulation is important if you want to choose the most successful day for conceiving. In order for fertilization to occur, the male sperm must enter the woman’s body at the same time as the egg leaves the ovaries. Most accurately find out this point will help us tests for ovulation.
During each menstrual cycle in the woman's ovariesmatures follicle. As the follicle matures in the cells, the hormones estrogen is produced. When the level of estrogen peaks, the body occursluteinizing hormone release.
After that, for 1-2 days, the follicle is broken - ovulation occurs. The ovum, ready for fertilization, is moving along the fallopian tube, preparing for a meeting with spermatozoa.
It is on fixing the moment of increase in urine levelluteinizing hormoneand the effect of modern ovulation tests is based.
There are several reasons for impaired ovulation. So anovulation (irregular ovulation or its absence) can be observed in the case of:
In order to restore the ovulation process, it is necessary to consult a competent gynecologist, determine the cause that could cause anovulation, and select the appropriate treatment.
The start time of testing is determined based on the duration of the menstrual cycle. Let's clarify that the first day of the cycle is considered the day when the menstruation began, and the cycle length is the number of days from the first day of the last menstruation to the beginning of the next one.
If you -regular cycle ownerOvulation tests should begin approximately 17 hours before the start of the next menstruation. For example, if the length of your menstrual cycle is 28 days, then testing should start from about the 11th day, and if 32 is from the 15th day.
If the duration of the cycle can vary, it can be different - choose the shortest one and use it for exact calculation of the day of ovulation. If during 5 days increase of hormoneluteinizing hormonedid not happen, testing should continue for a few more days.
It takes time to catchuse ovulation tests need every day.
Read also:How to calculate ovulation: important rules
Ovulation tests can be done at almost any time of the day, but if you have already chosen to do this at 12 or 5 pm, continue to adhere to this time for all five days.
Grytsko Marta Igorevna, Ph.D., obstetrician-gynecologist at the clinic of human reproduction "Alternativa" tells:In order for the hormone concentration in the urine to be the highest, it is better to refrain from urinating for at least four hours, and also to avoid excessive drinking before testing.
One ofmajor mistakes when conducting tests for ovulationis anuse of morning urine. On the websites of manufacturers indicated that for such a testFirst morning urine should not be used., sometimes this information is indicated in the instructions for the test.
To evaluate the result, it is necessary to compare the obtained line (if any) with the control one.
If the result line is paler than the control line, then the outlierluteinizing hormonehas not yet happened. In this case, testing should continue.
If the result line is exactly the same or slightly darker than the control line, it means that the hormone has already been released, and ovulation will occur within 1-1.5 days.
It is these few days after the releaseluteinizing hormonebest suited for conception, and the maximum probability of becoming pregnant.
After determining the outlierluteinizing hormonetesting can no longer continue.
Our forum member anvin tells: “I do the test daily from September 13 to the present day. From the beginning the second strip was not at all, and the last 4 days there is a second strip, but it is not as bright as the second ... Is it ovulation or what is it all about? According to my physical sensations, I already had ovulation ... Didn’t the test show? Just using the dough for the first time. ”
Our forum member Mermiad tells: “My second strip did not always reach the control brightness. Even in the cycle when I became pregnant, she did not reach the desired brightness, however, there was ovulation and I became pregnant. ”
Unfortunately, ovulation tests can not show it very ovulation and certain changes in the levelluteinizing hormone. Of course, it is a sharp riseluteinizing hormoneis the main fact of the beginning of ovulation, however, in fact,its increase can not give an absolute guaranteethat ovulation took place.
In what cases can an increase in the amount of luteinizing hormone occur? Ovulation tests may showfalse positive resultsin the following cases:
Therefore, in the absence of menstruation or suspicion of any hormonal disorders, you should not rely only on the results of ovulation tests. More reliable results can show ultrasound.
BUTcalculate ovulation onlineCan be directly on our site.
Ovulation tests are sold in manypharmaciesin a fairly wide range andthere are different kinds.
Test stripsOvulation tests are very similar to pregnancy tests. A narrow strip of special paper, soaked with the necessary reagent, you need to immerse in urine for 5-10 seconds, after which a result will appear after a while.
Test plates(or test cartridges) are a plastic container with a small window. The test is substituted by a stream of urine, or it can be simply dropped into the window. After some time, the result will appear in the window.
Inkjet teststhey are lowered directly into the urine container or injected into the urine stream. A few minutes - and the result is ready!
Reusable Ovulation Testsrepresent a portable device with a whole set of test strips. The strips are lowered into the urine and then inserted into the instrument, which shows the result.
Electronic Ovulation Testsreact not to urine, but to the saliva of a woman. Under a special lens you need to put a small amount of saliva, and then with a special sensor or microscope to observe its pattern. The instructions for the test describe what a particular pattern of saliva means.
Our forumwoman O-Svetlanka tells: “This test is done in the morning before all meals, better just by waking up. On the glass in the microscope you apply a little saliva, it dries. After 10 minutes you look through a microscope - if pebbles are visible, it means that ovulation is not expected yet or has passed long ago. If the "fern", then ovulation will be in 1-2 days - the favorable period for conception begins. I do ego from about 6-7 days of the cycle.The effect of "fern" is due to the fact that before ovulation, the release of some kind of hormone increases and there is a lot of sodium chloride in saliva - i.e. salt. When such saliva dries out, it looks like a fern. ”
Most ovulation tests contain 5 strips or plates, since from the first time ovulation can be determined extremely rarely.
Each of the above tests has instructions for use, be sure to follow all the prescriptions specified there. Also, many manufacturing companies even place videos on how to conduct the test as correctly as possible on their websites.
If after the test, the strip is very weak or not, then it is still a long time before ovulation; a rather pronounced second test strip indicates the onset of ovulation in the next 12-48 hours. And, it means that this time is the best for conception.