Ophthalmoplegia

Ophthalmoplegia

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Ophthalmoplegia- a generic term denoting the paralysis of one or more motor nerves of the eye and / or myopathy of the eye muscles innervated by them.

Classification

  • Internal - paralysis of the ciliary muscle and iris
  • External - damage to one or several nerves innervating the external muscles of the eye
  • Parind ophthalmoplegia - paralysis of the conjugate gaze of both eyes upwards, much less frequently of the sight downwards
  • Larina syndrome - paresis of gaze upwards and paralysis of convergence, sometimes with impaired pupillary reactions
  • Complete - defeat of all motor nerves of the eye
  • Progressive - progressive peripheral paralysis of the corresponding muscles due to degeneration of the nuclei of the oculomotor nerves
  • Partial (partial) - damage to only one or both external or internal muscles of the eye
  • Exophthalmic - ophthalmoplegia with exophthalmos due to swelling of the tissues of the orbit and strain of the eye muscles, observed in diseases of the thyroid gland.
Ophthalmoplegia images, pictures

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