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The production of the pistol, patented in the name of Paul Mauser, began in 1896. Whether the director of the company had a direct relationship to the creation of weapons, or only the Federle brothers belong to the creation of a legendary pistol - the issue is complex and is still the subject of controversy.
Impressive sizes with a magazine for ten 7.63 mm rounds of a pistol worn in a wooden holster, which could be used as a butt, turning the pistol into a kind of carbine. The advantage of weapons has become very large, and for a pistol prohibitive range and shooting accuracy. With the butt you could fire at a distance of up to 100 meters. True, the scope of the gun was cut into a kilometer. But this is nothing more than a marketing ploy. Firing a kilometer even with a rifle is difficult, and in order to shoot a Mauser at such a distance, the target must be a shield at least 5 meters high and at least 4 meters wide.
"Mauser" by P.I.Batov in the exposition of the TsMVS, Moscow. Photo source: foto.qip.ru
Popular among wealthy travelers and the military, the gun was not devoid of a number of drawbacks.The complexity and high cost of production, combined with difficulties in servicing weapons, led to the fact that Mauser was not adopted in service, remaining a very powerful commercial weapon option. True, in 1908, the "Mauser" appears at the German horse rangers. During the First World War, due to the lack of parabellum pistols, a small (about 10 thousand) Mauzer military party was released for use at the front. These pistols had a caliber of 9 mm and differed placed on the handle of the red nine.
After the end of the First World War, among the restrictions of the Versailles Treaty, Germany was forbidden to have pistols with a long barrel more than 100 mm. Therefore, the firm "Mauser" was forced to transfer part of its production to Spain .. There were produced pistols of 7.63 mm or 9 mm. There were models that allowed to fire bursts. The Mauser were used later during the civil war of 1936-1939.
In Germany, after World War I began to produce a smaller version of the pistol. In 1926, in connection with certain indulgences to the Versailles Treaty, the Mauser company returned to production in Germany of the usual model with a long barrel.In 1930, a modification of the Mauser was released in a very small series, where the pistol was no longer loaded from the cage, but from the store. Two years later, the 712 model appeared with a 10 or 20 rounds magazine, which allowed automatic fire to be fired. A certain number of Mauser pistols manufactured in Germany were purchased by China. Moreover, the last parties in 1939 were confiscated and entered due to the lack of weapons for arming the created SS divisions. In China, the "Mauser" will be used in the course of numerous conflicts and unrest by various parties and was held until the end of the civil war in 1949.
Mauser with a wooden holster-butt, belonging to I. S. Konev in the exposition of the TsMVS, Moscow. Photo source: dambiev.livejournal.com
In 1939, in connection with the outbreak of the Second World War, orders for Mauser commercial pistols stopped coming, and the company itself was loaded with the production of other weapons. In total, about 1 million Mauser pistols of various modifications were produced and, despite the fact that this pistol was not accepted into service anywhere, it left a significant mark in the military history of the first half of the 20th century. In Russia, the "Mauser" was a commercial weapon and was commercially available.The officers were advised to purchase a pistol at their own expense in return for a revolver of the sample of 1895. It cost a lot of money - initially 56 rubles, while, for example, the salary of the captain was only 51 rubles a month.
When did Mauser first find use in the Russian army during a military campaign? Probably, this might be a trip to China in 1900-1901, however, no documentary evidence of this assumption has yet been found. But the officers who were going to the theater of the Russian-Japanese war had already had a small number of "Mouzers". However, the pistol acquired widespread in the country only after the February Revolution and during the Civil War, when the looting of commercial warehouses and shops began.
Chinese soldier with a Mauser pistol. 19201940 Photo source: 2.guns.ru
How many then “Mauserov” went around the country is no longer possible to say, since no documentation on this account has been preserved. Most likely, we can talk about ten thousand units. In any case, the gun has found application on all fronts and all opposing sides. True, the image created by cinema and partly in fiction that “Mauzers” were almost everyone too far from reality.A powerful and reliable pistol was indeed a very valuable and desirable, but at the same time quite rare acquisition for participants in the Civil War.
In 1919, an honorary revolutionary weapon was established. Initially, as a reward, a checker was used with the sign of the Order of the Red Banner fixed on the hilt. But since 1921, the Mauser was also used for awarding. True, only two people were re-awarded with a pistol as an honorary revolutionary weapon - Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny and Sergey Sergeyevich Kamenev. Budyonny’s “Mauser” has been preserved and today it can be seen in the exposition of the Central Museum of the Armed Forces in Moscow. After the Civil War in 1922-1925 in Germany, purchases of pistols with a shortened barrel, known as "Bolshevik Mauser", were conducted.
Photo source: egion-online.ru
The Mauzers of the most diverse systems were used by officers of the Red Army and partisans during the Great Patriotic War. Known are the surviving “Mauzers”, which belonged to marshals S. I. Konev and L. A. Govorov, generals M. E. Katukov and P. I. Batov, commanders of partisan detachments.And again, it is impossible to say how massive the quantitative attitude was.