If a small child has constipation: what to do

If a small child has constipation: what to do

 

Constipation in a small child is far from a small nuisance that can be easily overcome with an enema.. The problem must be dealt with, and preferably not with medical methods, but with complex, well-thought-out measures. This will be discussed in our article.

For a start it is worth saying that constipation is considered to be a delay in bowel movements that lasts more than two days. The reasons for this state of the child - many. To understand what needs to be done if the child has constipation, it is important to identify these very causes. Of course, with the help of an experienced doctor it is easier to do. But you can understand yourself, what exactly leads to constipation in a child.

Causes of constipation in children

  • eating disorders;
  • too frequent feedings and snacks - more than 8 times a day for a child of 2-3 years;
  • the lack of a diet of fruits and vegetables, fiber;
  • excess in the diet of the child sweet, flour, sugar, products from white flour and yeast;
  • lack of regular water in the child's drinking regime;
  • sedentary lifestyle of a child;
  • mom's poor diet if the baby is breastfed;
  • irregular anatomical structure of any of the sections of the large intestine;
  • general weakness of the child, frequent acute respiratory infections, infectious diseases;
  • heat;
  • rickets;
  • action of certain drugs.

What is psychological constipation?

Parents of children of 2-3 years should remember that at this age children often suffer from so-called psychological constipation. The point is that the crumbs, which began to attend kindergarten, it is difficult to defecate in uncomfortable conditions outside the house. And the kid suffers the poet, and meanwhile the fecal masses harden. And it turns out that even at home the child cannot be relieved.

Often, the parents themselves provoke constipation when they are too actively and persistently trying to accustom the child to the pot. In this case, constipation becomes a kind of resistance to another's will.

In addition, psychological constipation occurs in a child if he once experienced pain during a bowel movement.In this case, the baby may delay the bowel movements consciously and for quite a long time, being afraid of experiencing the same painful sensations.

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Read also:Digestive problems in a child

Causes of constipation in a child: the opinion of the doctor

Commenting on the pediatrician of the first category, the children's gastroenterologist of the clinic “Medical”, Tatyana Polishchuk:

“To provoke constipation can be an early shift to mixed or artificial feeding, early introduction of complementary foods, lack of fluid and plant fiber. There is a so-called conditioned reflex constipation, when the child suppresses the urge to defecate outside the home. Such constipation occurs in shy children during the period of adaptation to new conditions. As a result, hardening of fecal masses, injuries of the mucous membrane of the rectum and soreness appear, which, in turn, aggravates neurotic disorders. There is a fear of defecation. In addition, constipation can appear on the background of the chronic pathology of the digestive, endocrine and nervous systems, intoxication, uncontrolled use of certain drugs. You should not try to eliminate violations in the bowels of the child, making him an enema.It is better to seek professional medical care in time. ”

Read also:Baby food: what should be a healthy breakfast for a child

Constipation in a child: what absolutely can not be done

First of all, do not be frivolous about constipation and wait for the problem to go away by itself. Also, do not abuse enemas, knowing that this procedure is only an emergency measure that is not suitable for the treatment of constipation. In the case of an irregular stool, it is necessary to deal with the causes, and not with the effect. And the enema just does not help, but only for a while relieves the baby from uncomfortable sensations. In addition, the procedure is addictive, and over time it will be even more difficult for the child to get rid of the feces without help from the outside.

You can not also give a child laxatives, especially without consulting a doctor. Laxatives are also addictive and do not help avoid constipation. In addition, as a result of frequent intake of laxatives, the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract can be severely affected, and the leaching of vitamins and beneficial trace elements can occur, which is fraught with vitamin deficiency and general weakening of the body.

It is also categorically impossible to scold and force the child to sit on the pot until the desired result appears. So you can only aggravate the situation. Parents should not only look for the causes of constipation and consult with doctors, but also have patience, be loving and understanding.

Read also:How to avoid constipation (video)

How to help your child with constipation: diet

First of all, when constipation in a child, it is necessary to revise the diet in the direction of its recovery. It is necessary to increase the number of foods rich in plant fiber in the child's diet - these are fresh and boiled vegetables and fruits. Among the most effective "fighters" with constipation are carrots, pumpkins, zucchini, apples in raw, baked and boiled form, as well as in the form of freshly squeezed, but diluted 1 to 3 juices. Good help against constipation and dried fruits - figs, dried apricots, dates, prunes, apples, as well as decoctions and compotes of them.

It is necessary to replace white bread and bakery products with whole grain and rye loaves. Add to the diet more kefir and dairy products of average fat content.

Exclude from the diet is sweets, sausages and sausages, fatty meats, canned foods, legumes, radish, radishes,currants, semolina, white rice. You also need to limit the amount of sugar, if the child is accustomed to sweets. And to control that the baby drank boiled water in sufficient quantities every day - an average of 20-30 ml per 1 kg of weight.

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lada0310: “I have been struggling with this for 2 years. Were treated and tried everything plus intestinal x-rays. But it turned out the worms (roundworm), although during these 2 years she was tested constantly for worms. In the end, they got rid of the Ascaris and the child teased. ”

Sila: “We also suffered from the age of 3-4. It was saved by prunes. It was such a long time: a handful of prunes every evening. With age, many children pass. And in those days there were surgeons and procedures. Yes, somewhere I read about the "harm" of cottage cheese. This refers to its difficulty in digestion in some children, and excluded at the time. It seems to have helped, and everything that can be fixed has also been excluded: cookies, sweets, bread, etc. You can still try with separate meals. ”

Constipation in a child: additional actions

Parents can also take a number of steps to help their child with constipation. For example, it may be a massage of the abdomen (clockwise around the navel). Special exercises also help.For example, on fitball. Or just teach a crumb to squeeze to the chest and straighten the legs at the knees. At the same time, it is possible to “shake”, as it were, to roll over on your back. Also it is necessary to increase the physical activity of the child - walk more, play active games.

We hope our article was helpful.

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  • If a small child has constipation: what to do

    If a small child has constipation: what to do

    If a small child has constipation: what to do

    If a small child has constipation: what to do

    If a small child has constipation: what to do

    If a small child has constipation: what to do

    If a small child has constipation: what to do

    If a small child has constipation: what to do

    If a small child has constipation: what to do

    If a small child has constipation: what to do

    If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do If a small child has constipation: what to do