Sklyarenko Elina Olegovna
In children of the first year of life who suffer from food allergies, hypersensitivity to cow's milk proteins (85%), chicken eggs (62%) and gluten (53%) is most often detected. The most important allergen causing food allergies in children in the first year of life are cow's milk proteins. Thus, among children of the first year of life, allergy to cow's milk proteins occurs in 0.5-1.5% of infants who are breastfed, and up to 2-7% - on artificial feeding. Among patients with atopic dermatitis, 85-90% of children are allergic to cow's milk proteins.
Nursing mothers, especially those with a hereditary predisposition to allergies, should adhere to a hypoallergenic diet with the birth of a child, as well as eliminate onions, garlic, radish, radishes, meat, fish, mushroom and chicken broths and hot spices from their diets.
Dairy products can be consumed only in the form of fermented milk drinks, sour cream and non-acute varieties of cheese.However, in severe hypersensitivity to cow's milk proteins, they are completely excluded. The number of cereals and pasta, wheat bread, sugar is reduced by 20-25%, salt - by 30%. Usually, such hypoallergenic nursing mothers are prescribed for the entire period of breastfeeding.
Foods and meals excluded, restricted and used in hypoallergenic diets of nursing mothers
Highly allergenic products are completely excluded:
Products are limited to:
Products are allowed:
In case of detection of allergy to cow's milk proteins in children on mixed or artificial feeding, partial or full replacement of milk formulas with specialized hypoallergenic mixtures is necessary. The therapeutic mixture is selected based on the severity of clinical manifestations and the spectrum of food sensitization.