Many people who consult a doctor withrash and skin itching, diagnose dyshidrotic eczema. This is a chronic disease, which is accompanied by very characteristic skin lesions. Interestingly, the most common rash appears on the skin of the hands and feet.
The causes of dyshidrotic eczema
Modern medicine knows many reasonsdevelopment of such a disease. In particular, this type of dermatosis is often of an allergic origin. And in the role of an allergen can act different substances - cosmetics, household chemicals, etc. Often such a problem affects people who are constantly in contact with chemically aggressive means, for example, workers in industries, laboratories.
In addition, dyshidrotic eczema is oftenare found in patients who have experienced emotional trauma or have been in a stressful state for a long time. Certainly, disturbances in the work of the nervous system or mental overexertion can lead to the appearance of characteristic skin lesions. On the other hand, the risk factors include excessive sweating, as well as certain diseases of the endocrine system, which are associated with a violation of the hormonal background.
What symptoms accompany dyshidrotic eczema?
As a rule, in the first stages there is enoughsevere itching and only then do patients notice the first elements of the rash. It should be noted that the rashes with this type of eczema are quite typical - they look like small bubbles filled with a clear liquid.
A few days later the vesicles begincrack, resulting in their content falls on the surface of the skin - this only increases itching and significantly worsens the person's well-being. Moreover, at the site of the rash, cracks and tissue erosion sites are formed. In the future, the wounds on the skin are covered with dry crusts of yellowish, and sometimes brown. Symptoms of the disease include redness and flaking of the skin, a gradual thickening of the surface tissues.
Immediately it is worth noting that it is only the doctor who can correctly diagnose the dyshidrotic eczema. Therefore at the first symptoms it is necessary to address immediately to the dermatologist.
Eczema dysgidrotic: how to treat?
It is extremely difficult to get rid of the disease forever. Nevertheless, modern methods of medicine help to relieve a person's condition during an exacerbation, and also to prolong the period of remission. As already mentioned, most often there is a dyshidrotic eczema of brushes. Treatment is determined individually and depends on the severity of the disease, and on the characteristics of the patient's body.
To begin with, doctors prescribe antihistaminepreparations, for example, "Suprastin" or "Tavegila", as it helps to soothe the itching and slow the further development of an allergic reaction. If the exacerbation is caused by stress, then it will be advisable to use soft sedatives, in particular tinctures of motherwort or valerian.
In some cases, the skin is treatedspecial hormonal ointments that quickly relieve inflammation. Useful will be a bath with a decoction of chamomile, as well as compresses with a solution of Burov - this will help prevent secondary infection of the skin and, accordingly, suppuration. Important is a hypoallergenic diet, refusal from smoking and drinking alcohol.
To treat eczema to date, cryotherapy, laser therapy, ultraphoonophoresis and some other hardware procedures are also used.