Cherepovets is rightfully considered a major cityThe Vologda region. It is a city of metallurgists and industrialists. It would seem that it was created to become one of the urban centers of Russia. However, the history of Cherepovets began not so prosaically, as it seems at first glance. There are several legends and historical facts that show the city from an unusual angle.
Officially Cherepovets was founded by decreeCatherine II in 1777. But if you believe archaeological excavations, you can see that people in the city lived in antiquity. This is indicated by found stone tools, bone devices for sewing from skins, as well as the skull of a man who is about 6 thousand years old.
A more modern history of Cherepovets begins inXIV century with the legend of the miraculous rescue of the Moscow merchant. It is said that a merchant named Theodosius sailed along the Sheksna River with the goods. Suddenly it was suddenly dark, and the boat ran aground.
It is not known what would happen to the merchant further,if he had not started to pray. After appealing to God, Theodosius saw a mountain on which a wonderful glow appeared. It illuminated the road and showed the trader the way to go. Immediately after this, the boat itself took off from the shallows and swam towards this glow.
A year later the merchant returned to the "God's" place and founded a small chapel. Today it is known as the Cherepovets Resurrection Monastery.
The name of the city has been disputed for several centuries. According to one version, it seems that the very history of Cherepovets can reveal the veil of secrecy. It is believed that the words "skull" and "whole" are of Slavonic origin. The first is the hill, the second is the village. The city itself, if you look closely at the photo, rises above the river. And as if it really is on a hill. It turns out that Cherepovets is a village on a hill.
According to another version, this is the Finno-Ugric word. Initially, the settlement was called "Chere-on-all". This meant: "Settlement on the mountain for the Veps tribe."
There is another option. Some local historians believe that this is a pagan name. And it is connected with the god Veles. It was on this hill in ancient times that people sacrificed to a pagan deity. One of the most important attributes for Velez has always been the skulls of various animals. Thus appeared "Cherepovets", which eventually acquired a more modern name.
With the order of Catherine II, the officialhistory of Cherepovets for children. The schoolchildren are told that it was the great empress who signed the decree on the erection of the city. True, there were few inhabitants then. A little more than five hundred people (now more than 300 thousand).
Then the city of the city stayed only 22 years. In 1796, Paul I decided to abolish all the supernumerary cities. Cherepovets turned into a posad.
Once the locals are accustomed to the newstatus, Alexander I ascended to the throne. And, as it happens in history, the new ruler began to abolish the decrees of his predecessor. At the beginning of the XIX century Cherepovets once again turned into a city. To the subsequent rulers did not "touch" his decision, in 1811 the monarch approved for the city the city coat of arms.
The history of the city of Cherepovets has always been closely connected with the river under the name Sheksna. It was the water communication that Catherine wanted to set up when she signed the decree on the basis of the settlement.
The followers continued the idea of the Empress, and already at the beginning of the XIX century the Mariinsky water system was built in the city. After that, Cherepovets became the center of shipbuilding in the Russian Empire.
A special place in the history of the city is occupied by the merchant IvanMilyutin. It was he who headed and developed Cherepovets for almost 50 years. Thanks to Milyutin, Russia built the first cargo ships for long-distance sea voyage. And they were built in Cherepovets.
However, the great merchant developed the city in other directions. I rebuilt schools, hospitals, opened universities, museums, libraries. By the end of the XIX century, "megapolis" began to be called "northern Athens".
At present it is a city of giants of metallurgy. It is one of the ten industrial centers of Russia.
It is better, of course, to visit this mysterious land itself and see its sights. However, you can get to know the city in part by looking at his photos.
The main symbol of the city is the Resurrection Cathedral.
A more modern history of Cherepovets is connected with the October Bridge through Sheksna. This is the first Russian cable-stayed bridge.
In addition, the attractions include:
This is not all the historical places thatfamous for the city. Separately it is worth noting: despite the fact that this is an industrial center, city residents are actively interested in art. Every year in Cherepovets there are various festivals: poetry and prose, short films, bard songs, dance fitness. Perhaps in the future this small town on the hill will give our country some more amazing stories about itself.