First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky

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First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky

June 16 is 54 years old since Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman to fly into space. Who from the weaker sex was the first to conquer Everest, received the Nobel Prize, won in the male professions - in the Forbes photo gallery.

1.

Valentina Tereshkova - the first in space
First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky
For three days in space, Valentina Tereshkova made 48 revolutions around the Earth, managed to fix problems in the program that set the wrong trajectory of the ship, and at the request of the chief designer of the OKB-1 Sergey Korolev kept it secret for about 30 years. According to the doctor, Tereshkova transferred the flight satisfactorily, but Korolev said that during his lifetime "no woman would fly into space again."
When she returned, Valentina Tereshkova continued to serve in the cosmonaut detachment, and after graduating from the Air Force Engineering Academy she received the title of Candidate of Technical Sciences, and then a professor, wrote over 50 scientific works.
Valentina Tereshkova became not only the first woman to be in space, but also the first woman general in the history of the Russian army. And also the only Soviet citizen, whose portrait was placed on a Soviet coin in his lifetime. In 1963, without participating in the competition, Tereshkova received the title "Miss Universe".

2.

Junko Tabei - the first on Everest
First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky
May 16, 1975 Junko Tabei reached the summit of Everest and became the first woman to conquer it.
After studying at the Faculty of English Literature, Junko Tabei organized the Japanese Alpine Club for Women. Together with like-minded women, Junko conquered new heights, in 1970 she made the second ascent of Annapurna in history and dreamed of Jamalungma.
None of the people around believed in the possibility of a woman conquering the highest point of the planet, and there were many obstacles on the way to the goal - getting permission to climb, search for funds for the expedition (as a result, money helped to collect the media). 1400 days were spent on the preparation of a 130-day expedition. During the ascent of Everest, the Japanese camp was overtaken by an avalanche, due to which several team members, including Junco, were injured.The plans of the expedition were cut, but tops they reached everything.
Junko Tabei participated in 44 women's expeditions (Shisha Pangma, Pobeda, Mac Kinley, Eiger, and others). In 2001, at the age of 62, she climbed Muztang-Ata. Now engaged in housekeeping in Tokyo.

3.

Raymonda de Laroche (Eliza Leontina Deroche) - the first female pilot
First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky
On March 8, 1910, the Aeroclub of France for the first time issued a pilot certificate to a woman, Raymond de Laroche. De Laroche was from a simple family, but becoming an actress, adopted a "noble nickname." In 1909, she met with the aviator Charles Voisin. According to the legend, he only allowed her to drive on the airplane on the ground, but she disobeyed and took off on her own. Some time later, the Frenchwoman showed herself in the competition between the pilots in Heliopolis and became a member of the Aero Club.
Four months after receiving the certificate, De Laroche made a hard landing on the plane, broke her collarbone and received a slight concussion. After two years of recovery, she again had an accident in which Charles Voisin died. The following years she traveled with a “flying circus around Europe”, and then during the First World War she served as the driver of the French army (women were officially barred from flying).In June 1919, De Laroche managed to set two women's world records - to the altitude and range, but a month later she died in a plane crash.

4.

Kleanor Zederstrem (Stinnes) - the first woman to travel around the world by car
First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky
The first round-the-world trip by car was first committed by a woman, Cleanor Stinnes, who started from Frankfurt am Main behind the wheel of an Adler car.
Kleanor was the daughter of a famous German industrialist, from 1924 to 1927 she managed to win in 17 competitions and was considered the most successful racer in Europe. From May 25, 1927 to June 24, 1929, together with the cameraman Karl-Axel Zederstrem, Clearor set off on a world tour. The length of the route was 47,000 km; it also ran across the territory of the Russian Empire - Moscow, the Balkans and Siberia. Upon her return, Cleanor wrote the book “By car through two worlds,” according to which two films of the same name were shot.
After a world tour, the racer married her companion Zedershtreme and together with him went into agriculture in southern Sweden.

5.

Helen de Pourtale - the first winner of the Olympic Games
First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky
Since 1900, women have received the right to participate in the Olympic Games, and in the same year, Helen de Pourtale won them.
Helen was born in America in the family of a famous businessman, and from childhood together with her parents engaged in sailing. After marrying Count Hermann de Purtale, she became a Swiss countess. Helen's husband was also a yachtsman. Deciding to take part in the Olympic Games in Paris, he took his wife and nephew to his team. They won gold in a two-hour race on the Seine.
Helen lived in Geneva until she was 77 years old, having outlived her husband by more than 40 years. On the sporting success yachtswoman after winning the Olympics is not known.

6.

Maria Sklodovskaya-Curie - the first woman to receive the Nobel Prize
First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky
Maria Sklodowska-Curie became the first woman to receive the Nobel Prize, and the first winner to receive it twice.
Since childhood, Curie studied so diligently that after graduation she was forced to take a break to restore her health. It was difficult for a woman to get an education in the Russian Empire, which was then the home of Poland for Curie. According to some reports, she graduated from the underground women's higher courses, and then at the age of 24 went to Paris to study chemistry and physics at the Sorbonne. There she became the first female teacher in the history of Sorbonne.Later she married Pierre Curie, a scientist of physics and chemistry, with whom they discovered the elements of radium and polonium. During the First World War, Maria taught medical professionals how to find shrapnel in the body of the wounded using x-rays.
Marie Curie was a member of 85 scientific societies around the world and in addition to the Nobel Prizes she received 20 honorary degrees, 6 medals and the Willard Gibbs Prize. She gave birth to two daughters, one of whom - Irene Joliot-Curie - later became a Nobel laureate in chemistry, and the other - Eva Deniz Curie - a famous pianist and writer. Curie died of chronic radiation sickness at the age of 67.

7.

Ellen Swollow Richards - First Female Teacher
First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky
Ellen Richards became the first woman admitted to the university and the first female teacher.
For several years she worked to save money to pay for her education at Vassar College. Then she became a Bachelor of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, but was unable to reach a doctoral degree due to university policy. Later she married Robert Richards, head of the department of mining at the University of Massachusetts, and with his help continued her collaboration with the university on a voluntary basis.Being an active fighter for equality, Ellen donated $ 1,000 annually to create programs for female students. In 1881, Richards, together with Marion Talbot and fifteen female college graduates, founded the American Association of Women, which for 125 years has defended the rights of women.
Richards also led the laboratory of sanitary chemistry - her research helped to identify the problems of water pollution and errors in sewage treatment plants, and work on household chemistry became tools for housewives.

8.

Janet Yellen - the first female head of the Fed
First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky
In 2014, the United States Federal Reserve System was first headed by a woman, 56-year-old Janet Yellen. She was born to a Jewish family in Brooklyn. She earned a bachelor's degree from Brown University, then became a PhD at Yale University and taught at Harvard, the London School of Economics and the Haas School of Business. In 1977, Janet headed the Council of Economic Advisers under the President of the United States, then became President of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, since 2009, she has been a member of the Federal Reserve Market Committee, and a year later she is its vice-president.In 2013, Barack Obama nominated Yellen for the presidency of the Fed, and after being approved by the Senate in 2014, Janet began to work in a new position.
Yellen is married to George Akerlof, a Nobel Prize winner in economics, and their son Robert teaches this science at Warwick University. In 2016, she was among the three most influential women in the world according to Forbes.

9.

Mireille Balestrasi - the first woman to lead Interpol
First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky
The first female president of Interpol in 2012 was French Mireille Balestrasi.
Balestrasi was educated in ancient literature and a bachelor's degree in ancient languages. After the French National Police School began accepting women, she took a course and became a commissioner at 21. Then Mireille led the anti-bandit group at the Central Judicial Police Department and became widely known as the head of the Central Bureau of Anti-Theft of Works of Art (successfully conducted a search operation for four paintings by Jean-Battiste Corot). In 1993, she became the first woman to head the Ajaccio police, after which she took the post of Deputy Minister of the Interior of France.Since 2010, Balestrazi has been the Inspector General of the National Police and Assistant Vice President for Europe of the Interpol Executive Committee.

10.

Margaret Bourke-White - first female military journalist
First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky
Margaret Bourke-White was born in New Jersey and spent her childhood there. While studying herpetology at Columbia University, she was fascinated by photography. In 1929, Bourke-White occupied the position of editor of Fortune magazine and a year later became the first Western photographer to visit industrial facilities in the USSR. After that, Bourke-White was invited to work for Life magazine. Thus the American became the first female photojournalist in history.
The beginning of World War II coincided with the stay of Bourke-White in Russia. She was the only foreign photographer in the USSR. Later Margaret accompanied the American troops in Africa, Italy, Germany, covered the conflict between India and Pakistan.
Bourke-White was married twice. Died of Parkinson's disease at the age of 67.

11.

Antya Yakelen - the world's first female archbishop
First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky
The world's first female archbishop Antje Yakelen appeared in Sweden in 2014. Prior to this, in several countries, women have already become bishops.
Yakelen spent her childhood in Germany, and at 22 she moved to Sweden, where she studied theology. Then she was engaged in scientific work in the USA for a long time. She began serving in the church in 1980 in the Stockholm diocese, and in 2007 she was elected bishop of the Uppsala Cathedral. In 2014, Yakelen became the Archbishop of Uppsala and the head of the Swedish Church. To date, the archbishop has published four papers on the lack of contradiction between faith in God and evolution. In addition, she actively leads Twitter, where she discusses secular topics as well.
Antje Yakelen is married to Pastor Heinz Yakelen, has two daughters and several grandchildren.

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  • First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky

    First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky

    First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky

    First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky

    First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky

    First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky

    First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky

    First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky

    First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky

    First ladies: how women conquered space, mountains and sky

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