Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

 

Such a habitual property of our body as a hearing begins to develop in a baby even during the period of his stay in the mother’s stomach.. A crumb hears her heartbeat, the sound of blood moving through the vessels, the loud sounds of the outside world, our voices, music.

When a child is born, the number of sounds reaching his ears increases many times. However, so far he cannot distinguish them, since hisauditory attention not developed.

This little one will have to learn in the near future, andthe parents' task is to help the kid. How to organize the process correctly and what is needed for this, we will tell in our today's material.

Develop phonemic hearing

The process of dividing noise into sounds and identifying them in the human body is responsiblephonemic hearing. The ability to distinguish sounds in the future will be the basis for the child’s understanding of what has been said, the correct perception of what has been heard.

First of all, the newborn learns to distinguish the sounds thathears most often. So, thanks to the familiar sound of the mother's heartbeat, the baby calms down at the chest.

The next of his achievements will bemother's voicelearning his intonation. Based on this particular skill, the baby developsrevitalization complexwhen, in response to the voice (and appearance) of an adult, especially a mother, the crumb freezes for a second, and then begins to actively smile, move, and scream.

Pediatrician Maria Savinova tells: “The revitalization complex most often occurs in a newborn at the end of the first - the beginning of the second month of life. His absence should alert the parents. This may be a sign of a child’s mental retardation or hearing problems. ”

The next stage of development -understanding your own name. After all, it is by name that we most often appeal to our beloved baby. It is the frequent use of the familiar word that allows the crumbs to quickly remember it.

You lovelullabies? Swaying to the beat of the maternal tune, the baby knows the feeling of rhythm and interrelation of melody and words.

Our mother forumchanka change tells: “I am sure that a well-developed hearing is an early development of speech.My youngest perfectly hears and repeats music, and a year and four already speak such complex words as orange, watermelon, and bull, imitating all animals exactly. During pregnancy, I read a lot out loud. talked with the child, went to concerts, to the theaters. listened to music at home and at work. And we have a very sociable family - we talk to each other all the time. Therefore, the baby turned out so - talkative. "

Why is it important to develop phonemic hearing? It is with his help that the baby will be able to understand speech, communicate, learn to read and write, and later on will master a foreign language.

Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

How to understand that your child's phonemic hearing develops normally? If by the end of the first year of life the crumbrecognizes the words he uses, and on the second, despite the fact that his speech is very far from perfect,can distinguish all the sounds of the native language- everything goes according to plan.

Have problems and questions? In speech therapy and neuropsychology, special exercises are used to develop phonemic hearing, and we will try to develop the child with the help of the game.

Read also: The development of hearing organs

Games that help

Hide and seek. Take a rattle, a bell or a maracas. Ask the child to close his eyes, and stand up close to him and quietly call (rattle, rustle). The child should turn to the place where the sound is heard from and show the direction with his eyes closed. Then open your eyes and test yourself. As the child grows, when he is already oriented in space, the task can be complicated. The kid, without turning, must answer the question “Where is it ringing? Left, right, front, back, below, above? "

What's inside?Take 4 containers, for example opaque plastic bottles. In one place the buttons, in the other pebbles, in the third - the peas, in the fourth semolina. You can use different fillers, everything that you can find at home: paper clips, buckwheat, nuts, etc. Give the child the capacity to hand. His task: without opening the container by ear, to determine what is inside them.

Learn sounds. Try to emphasize the perception of the baby on a variety of sounds. Remember how your doorbell sounds, pay attention to how the clock ticks, what sound the water makes from the tap, how it knocks the spoon in the glass when you stir the sugar. It is important that the child learns to recognize the sounds around him with his eyes closed (or from another room). Start with one sound, gradually increasing their number.It is good, if by three years the baby can operate with 7-10 sounds, keeping them in memory.

Talking stick. This exercise is both difficult and simple. Take any stick - wooden or plastic, and knock it on all objects in the house. It is important for the child to understand the difference between the sound of the chair and the sofa, the door and the sink. The main thing you need to knock so that things are not affected :-). After tapping a few items, ask the crumbs to close their eyes and guess the sound by ear. The kid guessed what sounded? Now it's your turn to act as a test subject. Give a little wand and plunge into the world of sounds. Guess and make mistakes - the baby will gladly correct you.

The right word. Many mothers often use this technique, not even knowing how important it is in the development of phonemic hearing. While reading familiar poems or fairy tales, sometimes pause so that the baby can finish the familiar sentence himself. For example, reading Chukovsky, the kid will be able to train well both memory and hearing.

My phone rang.

- Who is talking?
- …...
- From where?
“From ... ...”
- What do you want?
- …...
Familiar voice. On any available electronic carrier, record the voices of relatives and friends and be sure to write the voice of the baby. Listen to the recording together.We, adults, most often already know that our voice in the recording is perceived quite differently than in real life, but for the crumbs it will be an amazing discovery, because he has never heard himself like this from outside.

Replacers. Take any child pictures with images of different objects, at least 5 x 5 cm in size. Call the child the object shown in the picture, but not easy, but by replacing some letter. For example, not “cat”, but “midge”, “peel”, “goshka”. The task of the first level - the child must name the item correctly. Second level task: put the right word in a row with the wrong words and the child, having heard it, should clap his hands.

Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

Musical instruments. In addition to music, music also develops excellent phonemic hearing. So stock up on various songs, xylophones, drums, pipes, guitars and synthesizers, and arrange home concerts. In addition to the development of hearing, such activities will help the child to open up and teach them to express their emotions.

Main stageIn the development of the phonemic hearing of a child, of course, conversations with his beloved mom remain.

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  • Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons

    Developing hearing: useful games and fun lessons