Allergy in newborns today, the phenomenon is quite frequent and not very pleasant. The appearance of allergies provoke a variety of factors.UAUA.info will try to figure out what the main causes of allergies in newborns.
The causes of allergies in newborns
1. Hereditary factor
It is established that predisposition to various allergic diseases passes to the child from the parents. If one of the parents is allergic, then the risk that she is inherited is 50%, if both are 70%. To minimize the risk of an allergy in an unborn child, try to lead a healthy lifestyle and spend as much time as possible in the fresh air.
2. Failure of the mother to diet
During pregnancy and lactation, the mother should follow a strict hypoallergenic diet. Therefore, in the event that such a diet is not followed, antigens and antibodies with allergies are transmitted from mother to fetus with breast milk.
Food allergies in newborns are usually caused by excessive consumption of a nursing mother: milk and dairy products, eggs, meat broths, fish, pickles, canned food, tomatoes, watermelon and melons, chocolate, citrus fruits, nuts and coffee.
Many people probably know that many vaccines are allergens, and routine vaccination can cause allergies in newborns from the first days of his life.
4. Late attachment to the chest
Since at birth the gastrointestinal tract of a child is sterile, in the case of an untimely, delayed attachment of the child to the breast, the formation of normal microflora is disturbed, dysbacteriosis develops, which can later cause allergies in the newborn.
5. Infectious diseases
If during the period of pregnancy, the expectant mother suffered an infectious disease and was treated with antibiotics, then an allergic reaction is most likely to occur in a newborn baby.
6. Household chemicals
Allergy in newborns is capable of causing, elementary, laundry detergent and baby clothes washed by it. Domestic and European household chemicals often cause various allergic reactions, as it contains surfactants, dyes and mineral oils.
Allergy symptoms in newborns
The manifestation of allergies in newborns may be accompanied by a variety of symptoms. In addition to rashes on the face and skin of the baby, allergies can cause roughness, excessive dryness or moisture of the skin, peeling and itching.
In addition to changes in the skin of newborns, there are other symptoms of an allergic reaction. But we must not forget that the symptoms of allergy in newborns are individual, but most often diagnosed are:
Allergy treatment in newborns
The first step in the treatment of the baby should be the exclusion from the diet of dangerous products and the determination of the allergen that causes the reaction.
If the child is breastfed, it is necessary to exclude from the mother's diet foods that may be allergenic. If the child is an artificial artist, then when choosing an adapted mixture, it is imperative to stop the choice on hypoallergenic.
Often, babies are prescribed sorbents and lactobacilli. If necessary, antihistamines are prescribed, local treatment of skin manifestations is carried out.
The affected skin areas are treated with special ointments. From an early age is allowed to use non-hormonal ointment. To reduce the discomfort and itching of the skin of the crumbs apply ichthyol or zinc ointment.
Untreated allergy in newborns is fraught with exacerbation of the disease, as well as serious complications, therefore, with the first symptoms of allergy, it is necessary to contact a pediatrician or a children's allergist as soon as possible.