Parents, wanting to ensure the safety of the child, are trying to control everything he does: how he learns, what he eats, where and with whom he walks. But on the Internet, where children spend more and more time, this tactic does not work. The dangers for children on the Internet are much greater than their parents can control.
"BBC" publishes detailed instructions that will help keep children safe on the Internet and save the nerves of parents.
Children spend a lot of time in chat rooms, online games and so on. In the Internet, they can come across cyberbullying, threats and insults, harassment or fraud.
To ensure information security for children on the Internet, you do not need to be a computer genius. Just a little common sense and communication with the child.
In order to protect a child, you first need to understand what threatens him. These threats are really a lot.
Uncontrolled waste of money
Lots of free online games sell extra lives, bonuses or new levels to make the passing game easier and more interesting. Make sure that all your accounts are closed with strong passwords and pay attention to the age limits for games and applications your child likes. When playing games intended for older children, the younger ones can often spend money without understanding it themselves.
Harassment in the network (cyberbulling)
Children are finding more and more ways to access the Internet, using not only a computer, but also a tablet with a smartphone. Increases the risk that the child will be harassed. In this case, in this case, the hooligans begin to publicly insult and humiliate the victim. Unfortunately, to avoid this is impossible, even controlling the page 24 hours a day.
Formally, most social networks allow you to register only for those new users who have reached a certain age. In practice, this limitation is quite easy to get around. Social media is primarily an environment for adults, so it’s good to think about the age at which a child should be allowed to start his own page.The desire to join the online community, to be in the trend can encourage him to publish photos or records that harm him and undermine his reputation.
Be prepared for the fact that any Internet connection can allow the person at the other end to access your personal information, such as your name, age, address, and so on. Your child may unwittingly disclose this information to people who are completely unaware. In addition, most sites with free games request exactly this data.
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Children can accidentally (and not by chance) find and view prohibited files for their age and even illegal files. It can be not only pornography: they can stumble on more disturbing things, for example, propaganda of racial hatred, violence and even suicide.
Online courtship and harassment
Someone can build an emotional bond with a child in order to gain his trust for sexual abuse or exploitation. Today it is a fairly frequent phenomenon on the Internet.The popularity of social networks, online games and instant messengers gives children the opportunity to easily make online friends and communicate with people whom they have never met, but who can harm them.
How to ensure the safety of children on the Internet: technical control
If your children are still small, then it’s probably easiest to filter content using parental controls. Popular browsers provide the ability to block malicious or obscene sites using a secure search filter, and large Internet providers offer free parental control.
If you wish, you can block access to certain sites and programs, receive e-mail notifications and even record the order of keystrokes by your child.
Finally, we should not forget that mobile phones, tablets and game consoles are equipped with their own parental control systems, which can be available in the settings. In addition, more and more manufacturers are developing “tablets” for devices specifically designed to protect children from harmful information directly from the device case.
The problem is that no system gives an absolute guarantee and is not absolutely accurate, so you should not rely too much on technical means. It is much safer to talk with the child about what he can meet on the Internet, and help him develop critical thinking, teach him to sort the information flow into “good” and “bad”, “necessary” and “unnecessary”.
Dialogue with the child, as a way to ensure the safety of the Internet
It is very important to talk more with the child in order to prevent possible problems and solve those that have already arisen as soon as possible. Set the framework and agree on which applications and websites can be watched and which ones are not. Explore different applications together, discuss what age they are suitable for and why. Make sure the child feels part of the discussion.
Show him how protection programs work, how privacy options work, and also report blocking programs and sites. Reassure the child that he can always talk to you if he feels uncomfortable. Say that you are always ready to help him if he faces online bullying and cyber-bullying.